Roles of Knitting, Dyeing, and Printing in the Quality of Fabric
The process of knitting, dying, and printing tend to play an important role on matters pertaining the general appearance of the final clothing. Dying tends to be the most commonly used method of imparting color on cotton linen and includes yarn dyeing and piece dyeing. Yard dyeing, for example, is a process where dying tend to happen on yarns with the intention of producing checks, gingham, woven stripes and many other special effects on clothing. Piece dyeing is used when the fabric in question is needed in one solid color hence one would need to avoid it where he or she needs to mix up colors. The piece tends to be passed through padded rollers with the intention of spreading color evenly through the piece of cloth and at the same time remove excess liquid.
Packaging dyeing tends to be yet another method of dying which involves winding of yards on a cylinder with the intention of impacting color on it. The dye tends to be forced from the outside into the packages while more dye is forced from the inside out under pressure. Printing has also incorporated use of computers with the intention of increasing accuracy. Printing colored designs can be as simple as printing on paper where one has the right machine and people doing it. It also calls for long runs of the same fabric design to be produced on a roller printer at a speed of 50 to 100 yards per minutes.
One would also utilize automatic screen printing
especially where one needs color design on a fabric. This method is known to producing more intricate designs, larger designs and various handcrafted effects although it tends to be slower than roller printing. One can also utilize flatbed screen printing which uses a fine mesh of screen with each mesh handling its distinct color. One would also excempt some parts of the fabric from dye by covering with lacquer or any other dye resistant coating. Depending on the design one wants on a fabric, it is possible for one to have more than 10 colors on one fabric.
The fabric production also demands good finishing for a long-lasting printing effect. Depending on what one wants, hundreds of finishes can be applied to the textile. One would need to note that cotton tend to be properly finished when compared to other types of fabrics. Among the things finishing does on a clothing includes adding water repellency, flame resistance, shrinkage control or any other effect one would need to ensure on a fabric in question. One would done more than one finish on a given fabric where he or she has the right skill and technique.